The highest state conservation
authority in the country is the National Parks Board (hereafter
referred to as the "Parks
Board" or simply the "Board").
The activities of the Parks Board
are regulated by an act of parliament, the National Parks Act 57
of 1976. The Board manages a number of protected areas around the
country, of which the largest and oldest is the Kruger National
Park (hereafter referred to as the "Kruger Park", the "Park" or
The Kruger Park is unquestionably South Africa's flagship conservation
area. At a size of about two million hectares, it covers more land
than all the country's other national parks put together.